Designation: F 2050 – 08
Standard Consumer Safety Speci?cation for
Hand-Held Infant Carriers1
This standard is issued under the ?xed designation F 2050; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year of original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval. A superscript epsilon (?) indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.
This consumer safety speci?cation is intended to mitigate potential safety hazards associated with a child’s use of a hand-held infant carrier and thereby minimize the risk of injury or death. The speci?c hazards addressed by this standard are carrier handle strength to support the occupant, product tip over, and falls from elevated surfaces. 1. Scope 1.1 This consumer safety speci?cation establishes performance requirements, test methods, and marking requirements to promote safe use of a hand-held infant carrier by an occupant and caregiver. 1.2 This consumer safety speci?cation is intended to minimize the risk of incidents to an occupant resulting from normal use and reasonably foreseeable misuse or abuse of a hand-held infant carrier. 1.3 No hand-held infant carrier produced after the approval date of this consumer safety speci?cation, either by label or other means, shall indicate compliance with this speci?cation, unless it conforms to all requirements contained herein. 1.4 This consumer safety speci?cation is not intended to address accidents and injuries resulting from the interaction of other persons with the child occupant in a hand-held infant carrier or the accidents resulting from abuse and misuse by children able to walk. 1.5 This consumer safety speci?cation is not intended to address incidents or injuries resulting from use of the product in a motor vehicle, nor is it intended to address any issues that may arise from the manufacturer meeting the certi?cation requirements of FMVSS-213 or other applicable add-on child restraint standards. 1.6 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.7 The following precautionary caveat pertains only to the test method portion, Section 7, of this consumer safety speci?cation: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the
1 This consumer safety performance speci?cation is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee F15 on Consumer Products and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee F15.21 on Infant Carriers, Bouncers and Baby Swings. Current edition approved Dec. 1, 2008. Published January 2009. Originally approved in 2000. Last previous edition approved in 2003 as F 2050 – 03.
responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 2. Referenced Documents 2.1 ASTM Standards:2 D 3359 Test Methods for Measuring Adhesion by Tape Test F 963 Consumer Safety Speci?cation for Toy Safety 2.2 Federal Regulations:3 16 CFR 1303 Ban of Lead-Containing Paint and Certain Consumer Products Bearing Lead-Containing Paint 16 CFR 1500 Hazardous Substances Act Regulations including sections: 16 CFR 1500.48 Technical Requirements for Determining a Sharp Point in Toys or Other Articles Intended for Use by Children Under Eight Years of Age 16 CFR 1500.49 Technical Requirements for Determining a Sharp Metal or Glass Edge in Toys or Other Articles Intended for Use by Children Under Eight Years of Age 16 CFR 1500.50–51 Test Methods for Simulating Use and Abuse of Toys and Other Articles Intended for Use by Children 16 CFR 1501 Method for Identifying Toys and Other Articles Intended for Use by Children Under Three Years of Age Which Present Choking, Aspiration or Ingestion Hazards Because of Small Parts 2.3 Other References: CAMI Infant Dummy, Mark II (see Fig. 1)4
2 For referenced ASTM standards, visit the ASTM website, www.astm.org, or contact ASTM Customer Service at firstname.lastname@example.org. For Annual Book of ASTM Standards volume information, refer to the standard’s Document Summary page on the ASTM website. 3 Code of Federal Regulations, available from U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402. 4 Department of Transportation Memorandum Report AAC-119-74-14, Revision II, Drawing No. SA-1001 by Richard Chandler, July 2, 1974, Federal Aviation Administration, Civil Aeromedical Institute, Protection and Survival Laboratory, Aeromedical Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73125.
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F 2050 – 08
con?guration for the use of the product by the manufacturer in any descriptive or instructional literature. This speci?cally excludes positions that the manufacturer shows in a like manner in its literature to be unacceptable, unsafe or not recommended. 3.1.4 non-paper label, n—any label material, such as plastic or metal, which either will not tear without the aid of tools or tears leaving a sharply de?ned edge. 3.1.5 occupant, n—that individual who is in a product that is set up in one of the manufacturer’s recommended use positions. 3.1.6 paper label, n—any label material which tears without the aid of tools and leaves a ?brous edge. 4. Calibration and Standardization 4.1 All testing shall be conducted on a concrete ?oor, which may be covered with 1?8-in. (3-mm) thick vinyl ?ooring covering, unless test instructs differently. 4.2 The product shall be completely assembled, unless otherwise noted, in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. 4.3 No testing shall be conducted within 48 h of manufacturing. 4.4 The product to be tested shall be in a room with ambient temperature of 73° 6 9°F (23° 6 5°C) for at least one hour prior to testing. Testing shall then be conducted within this temperature range. 4.5 All testing required by this speci?cation shall be conducted on the same unit. 5. General Requirements 5.1 There shall be no hazardous sharp edges or points as de?ned by 16 CFR 1500.48 and 16 CFR 1500.49 before and after testing to this consumer safety speci?cation. 5.2 There shall be no small parts as de?ned by 16 CFR 1501 before testing or liberated as a result of testing to this speci?cation. 5.3 Product must comply with 16 CFR 1303. 5.4 Wood Parts—Prior to testing, any exposed wood parts shall be smooth and free from splinters. 5.5 Openings—Holes or slots that extend entirely through a wall section of any rigid material less than 0.375-in. (9.53-mm) thick and admit a 0.210-in. (5.33-mm) diameter rod, shall also admit a 0.375-in. (9.53-mm) diameter rod. Holes or slots that are between 0.210 in. (5.33 mm) and 0.375 in. (9.53 mm) and have a wall thickness less than 0.375 in. (9.53 mm) but are limited in depth to 0.375 in. (9.53 mm) maximum by another rigid surface shall be permissible (see Fig. 3). The product shall be evaluated in all manufacturer’s recommended use positions. 5.6 Scissoring, Shearing, Pinching—A product, when in a manufacturer’s recommended use position, shall be designed and constructed so as to prevent injury to the occupant from any scissoring, shearing, or pinching when members or components rotate about a common axis or fastening point, slide, pivot, fold, or otherwise move relative to one another. Scissoring, shearing, or pinching that may cause injury shall not be permissible when the edges of any rigid parts admit a probe greater than 0.210 in. (5.33 mm) and less than 0.375 in. (9.53
FIG. 1 CAMI Infant Dummy, Mark II
FIG. 2 CAMI Newborn Dummy
CAMI Newborn Dummy (see Fig. 2)5 3. Terminology 3.1 De?nitions: 3.1.1 conspicuous, adj—a label that is visible, when the infant carrier is in a manufacturer’s recommended use position, to a person standing near the infant carrier at any one position around the infant carrier but not necessarily visible from all positions. 3.1.2 hand-held infant carrier, n—a freestanding, rigidsided product intended to carry an occupant whose torso is completely supported by the product to facilitate transportation by a caregiver by means of hand-holds or handles. 3.1.3 manufacturer’s recommended use position(s), n—any position that is presented as a normal, allowable, or acceptable
5 Drawing Numbers 126-0000 through 126-0015 (Sheets 1 through 3), 126-0017 through 126-0027, a parts list entitled “Parts List for CAMI Newborn Dummy”, and a construction manual entitled, “Construction of the Newborn Infant Dummy” (July 1992). Copies of the materials may be inspected at NHTSA’s Docket Section, 400 Seventh Street, SW, Room 5109, Washington, DC, or at the Office of the Federal Register, 800 North Capitol Street, NW, Suite 700, Washington, DC.
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F 2050 – 08
FIG. 3 Opening Example
mm) in diameter at any accessible point throughout the range of motion of such parts. 5.7 Exposed Coil Springs—Any exposed coil spring that is accessible to the occupant, having or capable of generating a space between coils of 0.210 in. (5.33 mm) or greater during testing in any manufacturer’s recommended use position(s) and tested in accordance with 7.1.2 and 7.1.3 shall be covered or otherwise designed to prevent injury from entrapment. 5.8 Labeling: 5.8.1 Warning Labels, whether paper or non-paper, shall be permanent when tested in accordance with 7.4.1-7.4.3. 5.8.2 Warning statements applied directly onto the surface of the product by hot stamping, heat transfer, printing, wood burning, etc., shall be permanent when tested in accordance with 7.4.4. 5.8.3 Non-paper labels shall not liberate small parts when tested in accordance with 7.4.5. 5.9 Toys—Toy accessories attached to, removable from, or sold with an infant carrier, as well as their means of attachment, must meet applicable requirements of Consumer Safety Speci?cation F 963.
5.10 Protective Components—If a child can grasp components between the thumb and fore?nger, or teeth, such as caps, sleeves or plugs used for protection from sharp edges, points, or entrapment of ?ngers or toes or if there is at least a 0.040-in. (1.00-mm) gap between the component and its adjacent parent component, such component shall not be removed when tested in accordance with 7.3. 6. Performance Requirements
NOTE 1—The forces that are to be applied to the sample in the tests described in Section 7 of this speci?cation are readily applied by means of a calibrated force gage.
6.1 Carrying Handle Integrity—All tests of 7.1 are to be performed on the same product, sequentially and without refurbishing or repositioning of adjustment. The carrier handle shall not break or unlatch on either one or both sides of the carrier when tested in accordance to 7.1.2 and 7.1.3. 6.2 Restraint System—A restraint system shall be provided to secure a child in the seated positions in any of the manufacturer’s recommended use positions.
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F 2050 – 08
6.2.1 For infant carriers that are not for use in motor vehicles, the restraint system shall include a waist restraint and crotch restraint. The crotch restraint’s use shall be mandatory when the waist restraint is in use. 6.2.2 The system and its closing means shall not slip more than 1 in. (25 mm), break, separate, or permit the removal of the test dummy when tested in accordance with 7.5 6.3 Slip Resistance—An infant carrier shall not slip more than 0.12 in. (3.0 mm) within one minute when tested in accordance with 7.2. 7. Test Methods 7.1 Carrying Handle Integrity—For the tests in 7.1.2 and 7.1.3 the product shall be loaded to the manufacturer’s maximum rated load or with CAMI dummy, whichever is greater. A weighted vest (see Fig. 4) with the CAMI dummy shall be used to achieve manufacturer’s maximum rated load. 7.1.1 Handle/Latch Preconditioning Cycling: 188.8.131.52 Secure the infant carrier onto a test platform with the handle in the manufacturer’s recommended carry position and so that the base of the carrier cannot move in the direction of the force being applied. 184.108.40.206 Apply an oscillating force to the handle in the forward and rearward direction normal to a plane established by the center line of the rotating axis of the handle and the center of the grip area of the handle as shown in Fig. 5. The oscillating force shall have a peak force of 20 6 1 lbf (89 6 4 N) for 1000 cycles at a rate of 30 to 60 cycles per minute. 7.1.2 Forward Facing Handle Endurance Test: 220.127.116.11 Place the CAMI Infant Dummy, Mark II (see Fig. 1), with weighted vest as needed, into the infant carrier and secure the harness straps in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. Pull the CAMI infant dummy’s legs forward so that the dummy is tight against the crotch end of the harness. 18.104.22.168 With the carry handle in the manufacturer’s recommended carry position, hang the carrier from the handle and determine the inclination of any convenient rigid surface on the carrier. This value of inclination will be used in the initial placement of the carrier in these endurance tests. 22.214.171.124 Place the conditioned infant carrier with the head end of the carrier against a pivot point on a vertical surface as shown in Fig. 6. The inclination of the carrier should be the same as measured while hanging freely.
FIG. 5 20-lbf Oscillating Force
FIG. 6 Forward Facing Test Set-Up, Loaded Condition
FIG. 7 Rearward Facing Test Set-Up, Loaded Condition
FIG. 4 Weighted Vest
126.96.36.199 Attach a chain, from the same vertical surface such that the chain angle is 20° 6 2° to the horizontal. Adjust the chain length if necessary. 188.8.131.52 Allow the product to hang in this position for 15 minutes. 7.1.3 Rearward Facing Handle Endurance Test: 184.108.40.206 Place the CAMI Infant Dummy, Mark II, with weighted vest as needed, into the infant carrier and secure the harness straps in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. Push the CAMI infant dummy’s head and torso rearward so that the dummy is tight against the seat back. 220.127.116.11 With the carry handle in the manufacturer’s recommended carry position, hang the carrier from the handle and determine the inclination of any convenient rigid surface on the carrier. This value of inclination will be used in the initial placement of the carrier in these endurance tests. 18.104.22.168 Place the conditioned infant carrier with the foot end of the carrier against a pivot point on a vertical surface as shown in Fig. 7. The inclination of the carrier should be the same as measured while hanging freely. 22.214.171.124 Attach a chain, from the same vertical surface such that the chain angle is between 20° 6 2° to the horizontal. Adjust the chain length, if necessary. 126.96.36.199 Allow the product to hang in this position for 15 minutes.
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F 2050 – 08
7.2 Slip Resistance: 7.2.1 Test Surface: 188.8.131.52 The surface used to test slippage shall be an impregnated high-pressure laminate6 of unspeci?ed color with a smooth matte ?nish. 184.108.40.206 The laminate shall be mounted on a ?at surface, with a thickness no less than 3?4 in. (19 mm), in accordance with the laminate manufacturer’s instruction. 220.127.116.11 Use of any products that will interfere with the performance of the laminate, that is, solvents or cleaners that leave residue or alter the surface ?nish is unacceptable. 18.104.22.168 Precautions should be taken to prevent the contamination of the testing surface. Graduation or pencil marks are unacceptable unless located in a position that never interferes with the performance of the test product, that is, along the edge of the surface. 7.2.2 Procedure: 22.214.171.124 Clean laminate surface of any dust or debris with a dry cloth. 126.96.36.199 Incline the prepared laminate surface to 10°. 188.8.131.52 Clean slip resistant pads, feet, or any other objects on the infant carrier that come in contact with the inclined surface. 184.108.40.206 Place the CAMI newborn dummy (see Fig. 2) into the infant carrier and secure with the harness straps in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. If applicable, position the carry handle in the most upright or carry position. 220.127.116.11 Forward Slip Resistance—Place weighted carrier onto inclined surface with the front of carrier facing directly down the incline. Then, allow the product to remain in this position for one minute. 18.104.22.168 Side Slip Resistance—Rotate weighted carrier 90° clockwise and place on inclined surface. Then, allow the product to remain in this position for one minute. 22.214.171.124 Backward Slip Resistance—Place weighted carrier on inclined surface so that the carrier is facing directly up the incline. Then, allow the product to remain in this position for one minute. 7.3 Removal of Protective Components:
NOTE 2—Protective components shall be tested in accordance with each of the following methods in the sequence listed.
of at least 0.040 in. (1 mm) between the rear surface of the protective component and the structural member of the infant carrier to which they are attached, a clamp, such as the one shown in Fig. 8, may be a suitable device. 126.96.36.199 Assure that the attachment device does not compress or expand the protective component so that it hinders any possible removal. 188.8.131.52 Gradually apply a 15-lbf (67-N) force in the direction that would normally be associated with the removal of the protective component over a 5-s period and hold for an additional 10 s. 7.4 Permanency of Labels and Warnings: 7.4.1 A paper label (excluding labels attached by a seam) shall be considered permanent if, during an attempt to remove it without the aid of tools or solvents, it cannot be removed, it tears into pieces upon removal, or such action damages the surface to which it is attached. 7.4.2 A non-paper label (excluding labels attached by a seam) shall be considered permanent if, during an attempt to remove it without the aid of tools or solvents, it cannot be removed or such action damages the surface to which it is attached. 7.4.3 A warning label attached by a seam shall be considered permanent if it does not detach when subjected to a 15-lb (67-N) pull force applied in any direction using a 3?4-in. (19-mm)–diameter clamp surface. 7.4.4 Adhesion Test for Warnings Applied Directly onto the Surface of the Product: 184.108.40.206 Apply the tape test de?ned in Test Method B–CrossCut Tape Test of Test Methods D 3359, eliminating parallel cuts. 220.127.116.11 Perform this test once in each different location where warnings are applied. 18.104.22.168 The warning statements will be considered permanent if the printing in the area tested is still legible and attached after being subjected to this test.
7.3.1 Torque Test—A torque of 3 lbf-in. (0.3 N-m) shall be applied evenly within a period of 5 s in a clockwise direction until a rotation of 180° from the original position has been attained or 3 lbf-in. (0.3 N-m) has been reached. The torque or maximum rotation shall be maintained for an additional 10 s. The torque shall then be removed and the protective components permitted to return to a relaxed condition. This procedure shall then be repeated in a counterclockwise direction. 7.3.2 Tension Test: 22.214.171.124 Attach a force gage to the cap, sleeve, or plug by means of any suitable device. For protective components that cannot reasonably be expected to be grasped between thumb and fore?nger or teeth on their outer diameter but have a gap
6 Formica, a registered trademark of Formica Corp., has been found suitable for this purpose.
FIG. 8 Tension Test Adapter/Clamp
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F 2050 – 08
7.4.5 A non-paper label, during an attempt to remove it without the aid of tools or solvents, shall not be removed or shall not ?t entirely within the small parts cylinder de?ned in 16 CFR 1501 if it can be removed. 7.5 Restraint System Test: 7.5.1 Secure the infant carrier so that it cannot move. Apply a force of 35 lbf (156 N) to a single attachment point of the restraint system in the normal use direction(s) in which stress would be applied to that attachment. Gradually apply the force within 5 s, and maintain for an additional 10 s. Repeat a total of ?ve times with a maximum interval of 2 s between tests. Repeat for each attachment point of the restraint system and each fastening device. 7.5.2 Place the CAMI Infant Dummy, Mark II in the infant carrier with the restraining system engaged according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Tighten the restraint system in such a manner that you can comfortably slide your little ?nger between the strap and the test dummy. Perform the following test without readjusting the restraining system. Gradually apply a pull force of 35 lbf (156 N) horizontally to either leg of the test dummy. Gradually apply the force within 5 s and maintain for an additional 10 s. Repeat this procedure a total of ?ve times with a maximum of 2 s between test. 8. Marking and Labeling 8.1 Each product and the shipping container must have a permanent label or marking that identi?es the name and address (city, state, and zip code) of the manufacturer, distributor, or seller. 8.2 A permanent code mark or other product identi?cation shall be provided on the infant carrier and its package or shipping container, if multiple packaging is used. The code will identify the date (month and year) of manufacture and permit future identi?cation of any given model. 8.2.1 The manufacturer shall change the model number whenever the infant carrier undergoes a signi?cant structural or design modi?cation or a change that affects its conformance to this consumer safety speci?cation. 8.3 Each infant carrier shall be labeled with warning statements. The warning statements shall be in contrasting color(s), permanent, conspicuous, and in sans serif style font. 8.3.1 In warning statements, the symbol and the word " WARNING shall be at least 0.2 in. (5 mm) high and shall appear at the top of the warning label. The remainder of the text shall be characters whose upper case shall be at least 0.1 in. (2.5 mm) high. 8.3.2 The warning statements shall address the following: 126.96.36.199 NEVER leave child unattended. 188.8.131.52 Suffocation Hazard: Infant carrier can roll over on soft surfaces and suffocate child. NEVER place carrier on beds, sofas, or other soft surfaces. 184.108.40.206 Strangulation Hazard: Child can strangle in loose restraint straps. NEVER leave child in carrier when straps are loose or undone. 220.127.116.11 Fall Hazard: Child’s movement can slide carrier. NEVER place carrier near edges of counter tops, tables, or other elevated surfaces. 8.3.3 Infant carriers not intended for use as infant restraint devices in motor vehicles. 18.104.22.168 NEVER use this carrier as a means to transport an infant in a motor vehicle. 8.4 Any upholstery label required by law shall not be used to meet the requirements in Section 8. 9. Instructional Literature 9.1 Instructions must be provided with the infant carrier and shall be easy to read and understand. Assembly, maintenance, cleaning, operating, and adjustment instructions and warnings, where applicable, must be included. 9.1.1 The instructions shall contain statements, which address the warning statements in 8.3.2 and the following: 22.214.171.124 Read all instructions before use of the infant carrier. 126.96.36.199 Keep instructions for future use. 188.8.131.52 Do not use the infant carrier if it is damaged or broken. 9.2 Warning Statements Within the Instructional Literature: 9.2.1 In warning statements, the symbol and the word " WARNING shall be at least 0.2 in. (5 mm) high. The remainder of the text shall be characters whose upper case shall be at least 0.1 in. (2.5 mm) high. 9.2.2 The instructions must advise how the restraint system shall be used. 9.2.3 The instructions must indicate the manufacturer’s recommended maximum height, age, or combination thereof of the occupant for which the infant carrier is intended. 10. Keywords 10.1 hand-held infant carriers
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